General Introduction to Yantai
At Latitude 37?/font>4′N and Longitude 121?/font>6′E, Yantai is on the northeast coast of Shandong Province on the Shandong Peninsula, south of the Bohai Sea where the Bohai Bay opens up into the Yellow Sea, and parallel to the southern tip of Korea.
Travelling by Road - Qingdao is 2.5 hours to the south and Jinan is 5.5 hours to the southwest.
Travelling by Air - Beijing is 1 hour by plane to the northwest; Dalian is 40 minutes by plane to the north across the mouth of the Bohai Bay. Korea is 2 hours by plane across the Yellow Sea to the east. Japan is 3 hours by plane to the southeast.
Travelling by Sea - Dalian is only 7 hours away by ferry across the mouth of the Bohai Bay; Tianjin is 10 hours away by ferry to the west; Korea is only 16 hours away by ferry to the east.
The region was inhabited by the non-Han people of the Eastern Yi (東夷), who were believed to have established a small state during the Xia Dynasty on the site of present-day Laizhou City. It became a feudal state call Lai (萊國) until the Warring States Period, when it was annexed by the State of Qi. In BC200, the first Chinese emperor is said to have drawn his bow to shoot fish at a location referred to as "Diaoyu Tai" (translated as "fishing platform"). During the Qin Dynasty, Yantai belonged to the Qi Prefecture, later renamed Donglai Prefecture (東萊郡) during the Han Dynasty. The area was known as the Donglai Kingdom during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) but later returned to prefecture status (first jùn, then zhōu). Next, the city became the Laizhou Subprefecture (萊州府) and, eventually, the Dengzhou Subprefecture (登州府) in the time of the Qing Dynasty.
In July 1858 the Chinese empire signed the Treaty of Tianjin and Dengzhou was renamed for the last time. Yantai opened its harbor for business in May 1861, but was not officially designated an international trading port until later that year on August 22. This decree was accompanied by the construction of the Donghai Pass (東海關). 17 nations, including Britain, established embassies in Yantai. The Chefoo Convention was signed there in 1876. (東海關).
Yantai literally means "smoky mound" in Chinese. In the Ming Dynasty (about 1398), locals used wolf dung to light fires (Langyan) to warn the whole village of approaching Japanese Pirates (Wokou). The city was nothing but a small fishing village until the late 19th century when it became a treaty port for the British, handed over by the falling Qing Dynasty, which had been defeated in the Opium War. Then with the Germans' power over the whole Shandong peninsula in early 20th century, Yantai was also controlled by Germans for about 20 years. After the Americans won World War I, they turned Yantai into a summer station for their entire Asian fleet. Then the Japanese set up a trading establishment in the town. You may be able to get an idea of the different influences at the western style Yantai Museum, which used to be a guild hall. However, the colourful history has not left a distinctive architectural mark, there has never been a foreign concession, and though you will see an occasional nineteenth-century grand European building, most of the town is of much more recent origin. After liberation, the town's name was changed from the original, Chefoo, to Yantai and was opened to the world as an ice-free trade port in 1984.
On November 12, 1911, the eastern division of Tongmeng Hui declared itself a part of the revolutionary movement. The next day, it established the Shandong Military Government (山東軍政府) and, the day after that, renamed itself the Yantai Division of the Shandong Military Government (山東煙台軍政分府). In 1914, Jiaodong Circuit (膠東道) was established with Yantai as the capital. Jiaodong Circuit was renamed Donghai Circuit (東海道) in 1925. On January 19, 1938, Yantai participated as part of an anti-Japanese revolutionary committee.山東軍政府) and, the day after that, renamed itself the Yantai Division of the Shandong Military Government (山東煙台軍政分府). In 1914, Jiaodong Circuit (膠東道) was established with Yantai as the capital. Jiaodong Circuit was renamed Donghai Circuit (東海道) in 1925. On January 19, 1938, Yantai participated as part of an anti-Japanese revolutionary committee.
After the creation of the People's Republic of China, in 1950, Yantai was officially awarded city status with the outer lying towns of Laiyang and Wendeng (文登) tacked on as "Special Regions" (专区). Wendeng was merged into Laiyang six years later, and this larger Laiyang Special Region was combined with Yantai City to become simply Yantai Region (烟台地区). In November 1983, the region became a prefecture-level city. Since then, Yantai has worked its way into becoming a modernized economic center in Shandong Province.文登) tacked on as "Special Regions" (专区). Wendeng was merged into Laiyang six years later, and this larger Laiyang Special Region was combined with Yantai City to become simply Yantai Region (烟台地区). In November 1983, the region became a prefecture-level city. Since then, Yantai has worked its way into becoming a modernized economic center in Shandong Province.
Notable historic people that came from Yantai include:
Chou Wen-chung (b. 1923), composer
Qiu Chuji (1148 - 1227), leading Quanzhen Taoist priest and founder of Dragon Gate Taoism
Qi Jiguang (1528 - 1588), Ming Dynasty military general most remembered for defending coastal China against Japanese pirates
Under Yantai's jurisdiction, there are four districts (Zhifu, Fushan, Laishan and Muping), one country (Changdao), seven country-level cities (Longkou, Laiyang, Laizhou, Penglai, Zhaoyuan, Qixia, and Haiyang), within which are more than 97 towns. Two sub-county special economic zones also exist, the Yantai Economy and Technology Development Area (YEDA), created in 1984 in northern Fushan District, and the Yantai Export Processing Area, formed in 2000 in north Zhifu District.
Only Qixia County is located entirely inland, all other county-level entities are coastal, with Changdao being entirely insular.
Yantai has a total area of 13,746 Km-sq, of which 2,644 km-sq is urban. Its coastline is 909 km long.
The topographical breakdown consists of:
Average mountain height is 500 meters, with the highest point at 922.8 meters on Mount Kunyu (昆崳山). Hills range from 100 to 300 meters.昆崳山). Hills range from 100 to 300 meters.
There are 121 rivers over 5 kilometer in length, the largest being:
As of 2004, Yantai's total population was 6.47 million and the urban population about 1.614 million.
Yantai, with a continental climate in temperate zone, enjoys four distinct seasons, humid air, moderate rainfall and pleasant weather. In the foothills along the sea Yantai boasts pleasant weather with an average annual temperature of 12 degrees, average precipitation of 651.9mm, and annual relative humidity of 68%, and the frost-free period is above 200 days.
In terms of GDP, Yantai ranks 18th among all large and medium sized cities in China. Yantai is currently the second largest industrial city in Shandong, next only to Qingdao. Corporations from over 50 countries have invested in Yantai, including more than 20 well-known multinationals. Total contracted investment capital is approximately RMB 61.42 bn.
As of 2003, Total GDP was RMB 163.9 Billion, and GDP per capita was RMB 25,183, which ranked number 3 of the 17 cities in Shandong Province. The number of individual and private business of the Yantai increased to 13.560000 units and the tax revenue (without individual income tax and interest ) reached RMB 1.088 billion. The social security system has been established, which includes endowment insurance, unemployment insurance, medical treatment insurance, industrial injury insurance and birth insurance. Altogether 554,000 enterprise employees have participated in endowment insurance; 120,000 enterprise retirees received pensions on time; the total amount of insurance premium was RMB 1.64 billion, among which endowment insurance is RMB 1.05 billion, medical treatment insurance is RMB 473 million, unemployment insurance is RMB 100 million, birth insurance is RMB 14.263 million and industrial injury insurance is RMB 4.22 million. The market price remains stable. Consumption price rose by 0.4% since 2000 and was 0.6% lower than the same period of 2001. Price index of industrial products was 98.8%.
Yantai's climate and coastal scenery provides for excellent outdoor leisure activities. High quality seafood and Western cuisine pubs/restaurants are found throughout Yantai. In addition, there are many star-rated hotels found along the waterfront and around the city. It is not only a model city for tourism and a well-known summer resort in China, but also the cradle of exquisite Lu Cuisine. there are many interesting places including natural sightseeings and historical sites such as 'the fairyland on earth"- Penglai pavilion, 'the fairyland on the sea" - Changdao Island. The region is dotted with springs and forest. it has four international golf courses and four province-level holiday resorts. For more information please follow this link: Yantai Tours
By rail, Yantai is connected with major cities such as Qingdao, Beijing & Shanghai. A complete highway network extends to every town in Yantai Region. The highway length is 6161 km in the area, and highway density has reached 44.8km/sq. km by the end of year 2002. 100% of all the towns are connected by the blacktop driveway in the Area. At present, the highway network of Yantai, mainly consists of the center point of downtown, and the framework of Yan-Wei Road, Yan-Qing Road, Raocheng Road, No.206 National Highway and Tong-San Expressway. Yantai port has a total of 34 berths, of which 15 are deepwater with a handling capacity of over 10,000 tons. Passenger-ferries to Hong Kong, Seoul, Inchon and Daegu of Korea have also been opened, among which there are 2 passenger liners between Yantai and Daegu and 14 ones between Yantai and Inchon. Laishan Airport links Yantai with over 20 cities nationwide, as well as Hong Kong, Macao and Seoul. Over 20 regular airlines with over 140 flights per week have direct flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Harbin, Shenzhen, Dalian, Xian, Xiamen, Wuhan, Tianjin, Wenzhou and Chengdu.
Natural resources and products
With mountains guarding the back and seawater to the front, Yantai abounds in gifts of natural resources and products. The fishery, agriculture and mineral products of Yantai play an important role in China. Its 11 counties and districts are situated by the Sea. In Yantai there are more than 900 kilometers of coastline and over 600,000 hectares of waters are within 15 meters of isobath. There are 200 kinds of sea products, 100 of which are worthy of being caught, especially prawns, sea cucumbers, abalones and scallops etc. In 2002 the total quantity of the aquatic products was 1.625 million tons. Yantai is a famous fruit-producing place in North China and is well known for its native products. Yantai apple, Laiyang pear, strawberry, big cherry, big peanut, longkou vermicelli and tussah silk are well known all over the world. In 2002 in Yantai the fruit quantity was 1.909 million tons, while the vegetable quantity was 2.66 million tons, the vegetable export quantity ranks No.1 in Shandong province. It has a large quantities of mineral deposits and 30 kinds of them can be tapped, such as gold, copper, zinc, lead molybdenum, magnesium, coal, talc, marble, silver, iron and graphite, etc. The mineral deposit of gold and talc is among the top 5 in China. The deposit of gold ranks the 1st in China and the marble ranks the 2nd. Oil and natural gas in the sea continental shelf is "abundant type" one.
Food and Agribusiness
Yantai has an arable area of 7 million mu and is the primary fruit production base of North China. Yantai produces apples, pears, "big cherries", and peanuts. Well-known food products include:
Yantai Apple 苹果 | Fushan's Big Cherry 福山大樱桃 | Laiyang's Pear 莱阳例子 | Lu Hua's Peanut Oil 鲁花花生油 | Long Kou's Vermicelli 龙口粉丝
Wine and Beer
Changyu Winery, one of China's best brands of red wine, white wine and brandy, is located in Yantai. Yantai Beer 烟台啤酒, a joint venture with Japanese brewery, is also excellent.
It is a state fishery base with a lot of fish :-)
Yantai has large quantities of minerals such as gold, copper, zinc, lead, molybdenum, magnesium, coal, marble, silver, iron and graphite. 70 kinds of minerals have been discovered in the region and 40 kinds of reserves have been found. The city is rich in underground minerals with more than 30 varieties of proven recoverable minerals, including 20% of the state total gold and talcum reserves.
Yantai has more than 2,000 medium and large industrial enterprises. the foreign investment in manufacturing industry covers 82% of the total foreign investment in Yantai, in which the four pillar industries of machinery, electronics, food and textile cover 3/4 of the foreign investment in manufacturing industry.
Other Famous Yantai Products
Polaris' Horologe 北极星钟表 | San Huan's Lock 三环锁
National Top 50 Cities in Comprehensive Strength
National 40 Excellent Cities in Investment Environment
National Leading Cities in Building Civilized City
National Outstanding Tourism City
National Outstanding City in Advocating Science& Education
National Model City in Environment Protection
National Level Garden--like City
National Level Sanitary City
International Vine and Wine City (1987)
Yantai's Sister Cities
San Diego, U.S.A.
Tauranga, New Zealand
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